Key to 1894 Theme Garden Plan

  1. Flagpole
  2. Rotary sign
  3. Chelmsford Library Sign
  4. Path
  5. Culinary Garden
    1. Allium schoenoprasum (Chives)
    2. Artemisia dracunsulus sativa (French Tarragon)
    3. Origanum majorana (Marjoram)
    4. Petroselinum (Parsley-flat)
    5. Salvia officinalis (Common Sage)
    6. Satureja montana (Winter Savory)
    7. Thymus vulgaris (Common Thyme)
  6. Medicinal Garden
    (Note: Intended as historical information, not for medical advice)
    1. Achillea millefolium (Yarrow) astringent, toothaches
    2. Chamaemelum noble (Roman chamomile) tea for insomnia
    3. Echinacea purpurea (Coneflower) antibiotic, antiseptic
    4. Marrubium vulgare (Horehound) coughs, colds, bronchitis
    5. Stachys byzantina (Lambs' ears) bandage wounds with wooly ears
    6. Tanacetum parthenium (Feverfew) migraines, arthritis
    7. Teucrium chamaedrys (Wall germander) digestive, antiseptic, fever
  7. Household Garden
    1. Calendula officinalis (English marigold) dye for butter and cheese
    2. Dipsacus fullonum (Fuller's teasel) flower head to raise nap on cloth
    3. Galium verum (Lady's bedstraw) stuff mattresses, dye
    4. Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender) sachets, potpourri
    5. Rudbeckia hirta (Black-eyed Susan) dye
    6. Santolina chamaecyparissus (Lavender cotton) moth repellant
  8. Ornamental Garden
    1. Alchemilla mollis (Lady's mantle) 18th century
    2. Aquilegia canadensis (Canada columbine) native
    3. Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly weed) native
    4. Dianthus deltoides (Maiden pink) 1796
    5. Hemerocallis Iilioasphodelus (Lemon lily) 1793
    6. Iris cristata (Crested iris) native Eastern North America
  9. Border
    1. Tulipa biflora: Circa 1776, three white flowers with large yellow hearts on each stem and red-edged foliage, fragrant. Bloom: April. 5 inches
    2. Tulipa marjoletti: Circa 1894, bi-color of pale creamy-yellow and deep ruby red. Bloom: May. 16 inches (sides ofstairs, 1894 building)
    3. Tulipa "Keizerskroon": Circa 1750, ("Emperor's Crown") bright scarlet, edged in vivid yellow. Bloom: Mid-April. 12-14 inches
    4. Narcissus bulbocodium conspicuus: (Yellow Hoop-petticoat daffodil) Circa 1629, golden-yellow funnel-shaped flowers with slender, grass-like foliage, Bloom: April. 5-6 inches
    5. Narcissus jonquilla simplex: (Wild jonquil) Circa mid 1700's, numerous, golden-yellow flowers per stem with slender, reed-like foliage, fragrant. Bloom. April. 10-12 inches
    6. Chionodoxa sardensis: Circa 1883, bright blue with a small white eye. Bloom. April. 5-6 inches.
    7. Scilla pratensis: Circa 1827, (Meadow squill) pyramidal, composite blooms of lavender to royal blue. Bloom. May/June. 6 inches
  10. Paeonia 'Festiva Maxima' intro: 1851
  11. Calycanthus fioridus (Carolina allspice) native Southeastern US
  12. Baptisia australis (Plains false indigo) native Eastern US
  13. Hosta 'Lancifolia' intro: 1829 (ornamental)
  14. Aster divaricatus Wood's Blue, native Eastern North America