Learning to read can be very difficult for a child. Children need to learn letters – both upper and lower case. They need to learn the sound(s) a letter makes. They need to blend those sounds together, and they need to blend the words into sentences. Motivation really helps!
It is a child’s interest and enjoyment of books that provides most of the motivation. When children hear many stories, are encouraged to make up stories, and want to listen to favorite stories over and over, they will want to read all by themselves.